|Date August 3rd
Well.welcome again.It has been hectic month for me as besides attending the Conference in London the action in transfer market is in full gear.The transfer window is wide open in that time in most
of the places on the earth.So,again everyone involved is working towards getting a club,loan,tryout etc
InterGoal still in Poland worked during the summer trying to arranged new players to a clubs.So far we are doing well because not only we recommended two players on the loan but also we are
getting good contacts in countries like Belgium and even we are great contacts in Asia.
So going back to the 2012 Player Contract Conference
Here is my report as promised
1) Compensation for the international duties
I would elaborate for now on the first topic for now moving following topics(below) to the next appearance here due to lack of time... but for now lets move on to the Compensation for
First of all as per the Compensation I know that this subject was widely discussed always.Players on National duties were covered by their clubs in case of injury.It sounded not fair for many why
the clubs should bear the liabilty/
So,finally it was established based on 2012 aggrement
on insurance of national team players on duty
During their Congress in May 2012,FIFA agreed to take over the insurance on worldwide level"FIFA Protection program"
As from September 1st 2012
From 15 th of May until August 31 2012: UEFA sets up insurancewhich coversEuro + all friendly games during this period
at the expense of FIFA and UEFA
How does it looks like in details...
Excess period 28 days
Only total temporary disadlement and accident
loss of salary up to 7.5 million euro gross salary (calculated per rata per day of injury)
All matches between two A-teams on the dates of the FIFA INTERNATIONAL MATCH CALENDAR,including entire release period before/after the matches
ISSUE:Existing injuries.To be covered by the medical protocol between clubs and national associations
Exception for final tornaments
Club to claim loss to insurance directly in case of injury
Also regarding the distribution of the benefit thru the National Association to the clubs of the player participated in the tournament , the amount has been increased from 43,5m (Euro 2008)to 100m
euro (Euro 2012)
Following topic of the conference in next appearence here
2)Financial Fair Play regulations and their impact on players contracts
4)The effects of prohibition of the third party interest in players
Date July 01.2012
Well,well The European Championship is over now.It has been a recent story a big story for many, many people in the world.
In the political,economical world lately a lot of happened and not necessary all has been good.
If anyone wonders why this tournament has been such a celebration for the people around not only Europe but the whole world ,it's because we can't to separate football from other disciplines of
life .Simply because European Championship meant to integrate people in joy,passion,strengthen their identity and making feel proud allowing them to balanced their emotion the positive way
As a Players Agent and Licensed UEFA A coach I also enjoyed to see the ongoing progress that teams are making in the game of soccer based on the European Championship Observation
especially I'm glad that Team which has won is the team which in my mind, expressed the game of soccer the way as it should be the game played.I'm glad that such a components like ball
possession,movement without the ball,technique dominated again.In the quarterfinal's stage I said that in the final will play Germany and Spain.I couldn't decided who is going to win only because
on one hand I thought Spain, if they are going to play their game they cannot be beaten but on the other hand I was influenced by the wide known going around opinion that Germans are a
tournament Team and they represent a style which is dominated by the solid discipline based on always well prepared players.They seems to be proving that right from the start of tournament until
the semifinals against Italy where Mario Balotelli scored two excellent goals and sent... Germans home.Clearly I talked to different people and those who were following the games in majority were
saying that it is hard explained what happened to Germany in this match.My favour Player Lukas Podolski however and I haven't seen that mentioned too much in media ,unfortunately is the one to
blamed for the second great goal as a matter of fact, scored by Balotelli.To recall this situation,Balotelli was positioned in between defender Lahm and Podolski.... .Lahm was facing the player who
was passing the ball with Balotelli standing behind him.Podolski was behind Balotelli(what was he doing as a last man there anyways?) in the same line approx as Balotelli.As the pass came in
Balotelli moved forward.... and Podolski didn't move....Maybe he thought that Balotelli was offside but I don't think he can make that decision.Lahm turned trying to chased Balotelli but that split
seconds of delays was enough for the player to find himself in clear .
Yes but I think as a matter of fact that it was not for Balotelli that Italians won and advanced to finals.They were well prepared,didn't make mistakes and played interested Football they deserved to
win.And Germans also looked good in this Championship but I'm sure that they were hoping for at least finals.I was especially impressed with the depth they had and ironically this may created as
a matter of fact a little confusion for the German Coach.He started up the tournament with Podolski and Gomez, the next game he sidelined both on expense of Kroos,Reus,Goetze.Both
combinations worked well but when in In semifinals he came back to Podolski and Gomez as we know after first half he switched them both again as a result of bad score, inserting back mentioned
I would like to mention as well that the tournament was very successful from the organizational point of view.Poland and Ukraine were very well prepared.This was also a record of attendance in
the European Championship so far.The opening ceremony in Warsaw and the closing ceremony where we could admired the arts of the soccer match ended with the bicycle kick goal was very
very creative and impressive
The players,teams are now packing up going back to their countries.They know that around the corner are waiting now matches to 2014 WC in Brazil (I know Poland does play first qualifying game
to coming up World Cup in Brazil in 2014 in just about 2 months)
I hope that we are going to have as much fun and continuing passion for the up coming qualification games as during the European Championship in Poland and Ukraine
Almost would forgot the 2012 London Olympics.However I will separately bring the introduction as I have visited London on the beginning of July attending second Conference with participation of
Players Agents,FIFA officials.The details will be posted here in the next news edition
We are pleased to inform you that after lengthy negotiation our Company InterGoal Sport Agency Inc signed a National Player of Trinidad with Polish first division Club
Mekeil Williams the central defender of the National Team of Trinidad A was signed for 3,5 years contract.InterGoal Agency Inc is very proud to bring the news to you
The achievement of our Company in terms of our growing relationship with different clubs
will assist potentially the players in our Company which is our ultimately goal
Player Mekeil Williams debuted in National Team of Trinidad against Finland scoring first goal in the match won by Finland 3:2
Mekeil Williams was part of the Youth National Team of Trinidad which participated in World Cup in Egypt and was called up for the qualifying matches World Cup 2014
More news ,details on the transfer will be presented in our website shortly...
In the crucial league match where Club Pogon Szczecin needed points badly, defender Mekeil Williams with spectacular header ensured the victory 1:0 on the home turf
Takafumi Akahoshi also arranged by InterGoal Sports Inc to Pogon Szczecin... from the corner kick to Mekeil Williams....
We would like to let you know that InterGoal Sports Agency Inc participated as a Delegate in Conference arranged by the World Sports Law
The Conference gathered representatives of FIFA,UEFA and many more important and crucial organizations in Sports
Maciej Kubik as a owner of InterGoal Sports Agency Inc was invited to the Conference which was taking place in London England on the July 7th 2011
Below are presented the details of the Conference
Transparency Key To Policing Player Contracts
Transparency is key to effective policing of player contracts, highlighted major sports organisations at Player Contracts 2011, a World Sports Law Report conference that took place in London on 7
July. Sporting bodies present included FIFA, UEFA, the European Club Association (ECA), FIFPro, the International Cricket Council, the Irish Rugby Football Union and more. The main points raised
• FIFA’s Transfer Matching System (TMS) needs to make changes to ensure financial transparency within the TMS system;
• UEFA’s Financial Fair Play regulations are unlikely to be effective and will cement the position of the richest clubs;
• Clubs are declaring their players as amateurs in order to avoid scrutiny under the TMS;
• TMS to be extended to include international transfer of female professionals and futsal players;
• More needs to be done to protect young players from exploitation;
• Training compensation is hampering big clubs from selling players to smaller clubs;
• Regulations on third party investment in football need clarifying;
• More needs to be done to compensate clubs for injuries attained during international duty.
In its presentation on its Transfer Matching System, FIFA highlighted that 4,600 clubs now use the TMS, which became mandatory for international transfers in 2010. However, it was agreed that
more needs to be done to ensure financial transparency in the system. FIFA said that it was working on a system whereby clubs would specify ‘approved accounts’ for player transfers, so that clubs
could be confident that money was being paid to legitimate bank accounts.
The European Club Association (ECA) said it had evidence that payments are being made to third parties. It said FIFA needs to do more than the TMS requirement for clubs to tick a box agreeing
not to make payments to third parties. “A box is a box”, said Isabelle Solal, Head of Integrity & Compliance for FIFA Transfer Matching System GmbH. “It is something we can use as evidence that
a club has lied. It is something that we plan to use going forward during investigations.”
FIFA and the ECA also revealed they have evidence that clubs are getting around prohibitions on the transfer of young players by arranging jobs for player parents. FIFA Regulations prevent the
international transfer of a player under the age of 16, unless the parents of the player move to a new country. FIFA and the ECA said that jobs are being arranged for parents, who move to a new
country only for a local club to sign their son shortly after his 16th birthday. In its presentation on protecting youth players, the ECA cited the cases of Paraguayan Carlos Javier Acuna Caballero,
whose mother was allegedly offered a job in Cadiz prior to the player’s 16th birthday ahead of FC Cadiz’s contract with the player after his 16th birthday. The ECA also revealed that the Dutch
authorities are investigating the transfer of Nathan Ake from Feyenoord to Chelsea, who was allegedly pictured on a football agent’s internet site at Chelsea’s Stamford Bridge ground prior to his
Delegates from smaller clubs raised a peculiar problem caused by FIFA’s requirement for compensation to be paid for the training of a player. Young players trained by a big club can often find
themselves stranded, as smaller clubs cannot afford to pay the compensation. The abandonment of young players abroad was also raised as a potential problem, especially as UEFA’s Financial Fair
Play Regulations are leading clubs to pursue ever-younger players in order to save money.
Other sessions discussed the impact of the Bribery Act on player contracts; managing rival competitions and calculating compensation for contract breaches.
PFPO 2011 GLOBAL PLAYER MIGRATION REPORT
The Global Player Migration Report analyses the international transfers that occurred in 2010 to 104 leagues belonging to 69 national associations from around the world. The first chapter analyses
player importation, the second studies their export, and the third deals with the question of networks linking the departure and arrival countries. Throughout the report, data on international flows
are interpreted taking into account the criteria of age, position and origin of players involved.
Cyprus is the most active national association for the import of players, both in absolute and relative terms. In 2010, clubs of the Mediterranean island have recruited 219 foreign players from
abroad. This figure represents an average of 7.8 per team. The first non-European association in this ranking is the United States of America. This reflects the increasing appeal of the Major League
Soccer (MLS) and its greater inclusion in the global transfer market for footballers.
When it comes to re-imports, Brazil is at the top of the table. On the whole, 135 players from this country came back home to play for first or second division clubs, of whom 10 just for Flamengo.
The return migration of Brazilian and more generally South American footballers is a key feature of the contemporary global player circulation system.
Clubs of the top division Brazilian league have imported the oldest foreign players (on average 29 years of age), while teams of the Italian second division championship have recruited the
youngest ones (22.8).
The three national associations having exported the most local players are Brazil (280), Argentina (215) and Serbia (150). While 103 associations have exported at least one national player to the
leagues surveyed, 27% of these flows originate from one of these three countries. This figure is 50% if we take into account the 10 associations exporting the most local footballers.
Almost 80% of Ghanaians who migrated in 2010 are midfielders or forwards. Generally speaking, a greater part of international flows concern players in these positions (63.5%). This figure is
higher for Africans (81%) and South Americans (69.2%), than for Central or North Americans (63.2%), Asians or Oceanians (58.7%), and Europeans (59.3%). When it comes to recruiting African
or South American footballers, importing clubs seldom seek defensive ones.
England is by far the most re-exporting national association. In 2010, 241 foreign footballers moved away from this country to clubs in the other championships analysed, of which 111 from the
Premier League (5.5 per club on average). This shows the challenge that many players face to settle down at the heart of the world football economy.
The most used pathways for international migration are those having led players from Brazil to Portugal (95, and 21 the other way around), from England to Scotland (67, and 24) and from
Argentina to Chile (56, and 29). The latter country plays a stepping stone role for Argentinean players who then move up to Mexico.
Brazilians can be considered as the authentic global football workforce. In 2010, they have moved across borders to clubs located in 58 distinct national associations out of 69. This figure is much
higher than for any other player origin: Argentina (44), Serbia (40), Croatia (36) and Nigeria (35).
After Portuguese clubs, those having imported the most footballers from Brazil are in Asia: Korea (15), Japan (14) and Iran (12). While South-North networks are historically well established, South-
South ones are rapidly developing. From this perspective, South America can be considered as the real hub of the globalisation of the player transfer market.
Transfer market 2011 January 25.2011
We are stepping in to New Year of 2011.Our hopes are for good Health,Prosperity and Happiness
From the football point of view there isn't much time to reflect on. Transfer Market welcome us on the edge of the New Year. Clubs,Managers,Players all are scrambling to position themselves for
the opportunity to improve their status
Our Company InterGoal Sports Agency INC constantly is working on developing relationship with different clubs around the world. Our goal for 2011 is to place players under the contract with
Football Clubs We are actually stepping in,in this New Year very well, as of total of 6 players from InterGoal Sports Agency Inc were tested in Europe this year already. Some of the tested players
are invited back. Player ,Takafumi Akahoshi (see midfielders section) signed with 1st division club in Poland Pogon Szczecin for 2,5 years which includes optional year We are congratulating
Takafumi .Our Company InterGoal Sports Agency negotiated the contract on behalf of the Club Pogon Szczecin
InterGoal Sports Agency will provide further promotion for the player and we are hoping that Takafumi will make excellent career in Europe and in the World Football stage
Volume 8 Issue 9 September 2010
Player Eligibility: National team eligibility rules: FIFA, UEFA, IOC & the CAS
The 2010 FIFA World Cup highlighted the increasing trend of footballers choosing to play for countries other than those in which they were born. Ryan S. Hilbert and Ricardo Gentzsch compare the
nationality rules of FIFA and UEFA with those of the IOC, in the light of Court of Arbitration for Sport rulings which state that the possibility of changing nationality must remain open to athletes. They
also suggest possible changes to football's regulations that may assist it with its aim of preserving the strength of national teams.
Now that the 2010 FIFA World Cup is over and the vuvazelas have been stowed, the time is ripe to analyse what has been a recurring topic for several years now: the appearance of players playing
for countries in which they were not born or with which they are not commonly associated.
Much has been made about the Bosman case1 and its effect on the use of foreign quotas in football. This article will not address the Bosman case, nor will it address FIFA's '6+5' rule or UEFA's
'homegrown player' rule. Instead, the purpose of this article is to examine FIFA's and UEFA's eligibility rules for a FIFA World Cup national team and to analogise those rules to another well-known
sports organisation, the International Olympic Committee (IOC). This article will then suggest two possible changes to the FIFA rules that could address, at least in part, some of the same issues
that are the subject of foreign quotas.
'Foreign-Born' players in the 2010 FIFA World Cup
This year's FIFA World Cup was replete with examples of players who were born in countries different than the national Associations for whom they played. In the German squad, for example, three
players - Lukas Podolski, Miroslav Klose and Piotr Trochowski - were born in Poland and moved across the border as children. Another of Germany's players, Claudemir Jeronimo Barreto (better
known as Cacau) was born in the Sao Paulo province of Brazil and did not become a German citizen until 2009, having spent the last 10 years in Germany. Indeed, 11 of the 23 players who played
on Germany's squad were either foreign born or have immigrant roots.
There were also a number of players who played for the countries of their birth, even though they have spent much of their lives living elsewhere. One example is the well-known striker Didier
Drogba, who was born in Côte d'Ivoire (commonly referred to in English as the Ivory Coast) but who spent much of his youth in France. Another example is Mesut Özil, the German-born son of a
Turkish immigrant who opted to play for Germany in the 2010 FIFA World Cup despite repeated overtures from Turkey. Perhaps the best example, however, is reigning FIFA World Player of the
Year Lionel Messi who was born in Argentina and played for the Argentinean national team, even though he has been living in Barcelona since the age of 13 and is the face of the storied Barcelona
Then you have the unusual case of the Boateng (half) brothers: Kevin-Prince and Jerome. Born to a Ghanaian father and German mothers, Jerome chose to play for the country of his birth -
Germany - while Kevin-Prince, heavily criticised by the German media for injuring Chelsea player (and German national team captain) Michael Ballack when Chelsea played Kevin-Prince's
Portsmouth squad in the 2010 FA Cup final, chose to play for Ghana.
Examples such as these cause one to wonder about FIFA's rules for determining which players can play for which National Associations. One also wonders whether a player - having chosen to play
for a specific country's Association - is free to play for another country's Association at a later date. These issues are discussed in the next section.
FIFA's rules on eligibility
There are at least two reasons why a player is selected to play for a particular Association in the FIFA World Cup. The main reason is because of his outstanding performance on the field. Another
reason is because of his marketing potential.
In many developing countries, to be able to represent your Association in the games prior to playing a World Cup (WC) or to be able to play in games against another Association, is a personal
achievement. This said, for some players their goal might be to showcase themselves to clubs in other countries, but the bottom line is that international competitions are trampolines for players to
enter different markets and participate in different leagues and make a leap forward in their careers.
The 2009 FIFA Regulations2 establish what type of nationals are eligible to represent the team of a National Association of a particular country. These regulations include a single principle with two
parts. The first part, set forth in Article 15, Paragraph 1, is that '[a]ny person holding a permanent nationality that is not dependent on residence in a certain country is eligible to play for the
representative teams of the Association of that country.' It seems unambiguous, then, that a person whose nationality is based on birth - like Drogba and Messi - can play for the team of the
country of his birth.
The second part of the principle, set forth in Article 15, Paragraph 2, is that, subject to the conditions in Article 18 discussed below, 'any Player who has already participated in a match (either in full
or in part) in an official competition of any category or any type of football for one Association may not play an international match for a representative team of another Association.'3
In addition to setting forth a principle, the 2009 FIFA Regulations also address certain situations players are likely to encounter. For example, to the extent a player holds multiple nationalities, FIFA
allows those players to choose for which Association they would like to play. According to Article 16, a player may represent more than one Association in an international match so long as that
player, in addition to having the relevant nationality, fulfils at least one of the following conditions:
- His birth is in the territory of the relevant Association;
- Either his biological mother or father was born in the territory of the Association;
- Either his grandmother or grandfather were born in the territory of the Association; or
- The player has lived continuously in the territory of the Association for at least two (2) years4.
The two-year commitment was implemented so that players at least had some connection to a particular Association and to prevent certain countries from awarding 'instant citizenship' in order to
quickly put together a team.
Further, in recognition of modern world emigration movements (and the fact that there are those players who would abuse them), FIFA's regulations also contemplate a situation in which a player
obtains a new nationality under determined circumstances. Under Article 17, a player who assumes a new nationality and who has not already participated in a match for another Association is
eligible to play for a new Association so long as he satisfies one of the following conditions:
- He was born on the territory of the relevant Association;
- His biological mother or biological father was born on the territory of the relevant Association;
- His grandmother or grandfather was born on the territory of the relevant Association; or
- He has lived continuously for at least five years after reaching the age of 18 on the territory of the relevant Association.
One purpose of the last requirement was to prevent the exploitation of young players.
Despite its apparent promotion of player mobility, the FIFA Regulations make clear that a player is not entitled to switch Associations more than once. Article 18, which was referenced above,
states: 'If a Player has more than one nationality, or if a Player acquires a new nationality, or if a Player is eligible to play for several representative teams due to nationality, he may, only once,
request to change the Association for which he is eligible to play international matches to the Association of another country of which he holds nationality, subject to the following conditions:
- He has not played a match (either in full or in part) in an official competition at 'A' international level for his current Association, and at the time of his first full or partial appearance in an
international match in an official competition for his current Association, he already had the nationality of the representative team for which he wishes to play.
- He is not permitted to play for his new Association in any competition in which he has already played for his previous Association.'
Even if a player meets these criteria, FIFA requires that any change in Association be requested in 'a written, substantiated request to the FIFA general secretariat'. FIFA's Player's Status Committee
will then evaluate that player's request. In short, there is no guarantee that a player can switch Associations at all.
UEFA is a privately held organisation that is composed of all European Associations. UEFA is one of six regional confederations, all of whom report to FIFA. UEFA also is the sponsor of two major
European club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Cup.
Because UEFA reports to FIFA, it is not surprising that UEFA's eligibility requirements cite to those of FIFA. Article 17 of the Regulations of the UEFA European Football Championship6 states:
'Each association must select its national representative team from players who hold the nationality of its country and who comply with the provisions of Articles 15 to 18 of the Regulations
governing the Application of the FIFA Statutes'.
Even though UEFA's eligibility rules are the same as FIFA's, it is common for Europeans to have more than one nationality. This, in turn, means that issues like those above - including the issue of
choosing which Association to play for - are more likely to arise.
Rules of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
The current version of the Olympic Games Charter, in force from February 2010, is more flexible with regard to athletes with multiple nationalities who opt to change their International Federation.
Rule 42, entitled 'Nationality of Competitors', establishes the criteria for a national that has two or more nationalities at the same time. Unlike FIFA's Regulations, the IOC's rules do not distinguish
between nationalities obtained through birth, bloodline or residence. The core value of the rule is that a national who wishes to compete for a different country must fulfil a temporary condition. The
temporary condition established by the IOC in this situation is that a period of at least three years must have elapsed since the athlete's last participation on behalf of his former country. The
purpose of the 'waiting period' is purely to create fairness and integrity of international competitions and to deter unethical 'commerce of nationalities'. Nonetheless, the IOC allows the relative
National Olympic Committees (NOCs) and International Federation (IF) to agree amongst themselves to reduce this three-year period. To the extent an athlete wishes to compete for a different
country in the Olympics, the approval of the IOC also is required.
This interpretation of Rule 42 was confirmed by the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Lausanne, Switzerland, in an advisory opinion issued on 4 January, 19997. The primary issue addressed by this
opinion was whether a baseball player with dual Brazilian-German nationality could represent Germany in international tournaments, despite previously representing Brazil.
This advisory opinion began by citing a prior CAS decision that acknowledged a distinction between a 'legal nationality' and a 'sporting nationality'8. This distinction involves two different notions:
'the first concerns the personal status deriving from citizenship of one or more states; the second is a uniquely sporting concept, defining the eligibility rules of players with a view to their
participation in international competitions. One is therefore presented with two different legal orders - one of public law, the other of private law - which do not intersect and do not come into
The advisory opinion then cited another prior CAS decision, this time for the proposition that it is up to the athlete with multiple nationalities to choose for whom he wishes to play9. That decision
stated: 'In the circumstances of having dual nationality, the choice of the NOC for which he wishes to compete is a matter for election by the athlete, subject to certain variations when an election
has been made, either overtly, or by implication, through participation in certain defined competitions'.
Based on these precedents, and its own interpretation of Rule 46 of the Olympic Charter concerning changes to 'sporting nationality', the CAS concluded that 'the possibility to change sporting
nationality must remain open to every athlete regardless of whether the athlete has one or more legal nationalities. This opportunity is, however, subject to the general requirements of a waiting
period as imposed by the Olympic Charter.' In this case, because both the NOC for Brazil and the NOC for Germany agreed to cancel the three-year waiting period and the sport's International
Federation agreed, the player was allowed to compete for Germany immediately.
Suggested changes to FIFA's Regulations
As they currently stand, FIFA's Regulations are fairly lax when it comes to determining which players are eligible to compete for a particular country. As explained above, a player may be eligible
simply by becoming a national in the country he chooses to represent and by residing there for as little as two years. Where FIFA seeks to regulate those players, however, is in the number of
Associations a player may represent. While admirable, this focuses on the wrong issue.
Under FIFA's Regulations, a National Association can stock its team with as many 'foreign born' players as it wishes, so long as those players meet the minimum rules on eligibility discussed above.
This creates the incongruous situation in which a team that purports to represent a particular country in international competition is actually comprised of players that do not fairly represent the
country whom they represent, much less its culture. This, in turn, dulls the nationalistic appeal of such competitions in the first place.
In order to return a nationalistic appeal to the game and in order to encourage the training and promotion of a country's own players, FIFA should consider extending the amount of time a player
must reside in a particular country before he is eligible to compete for that country. Three years is the amount of time required by the IOC and seems appropriate. While not a panacea, this would
discourage opportunistic players and Associations from obtaining players on a relatively short notice and preserve the concept of fairness. It would also increase the amount an Association would
have to invest in a player before it could receive the benefit of his services in international competition, and thus potentially dissuade it from doing so.
FIFA should also consider following the lead of the IOC and at least allow two countries' respective Associations to determine between them when and under what circumstances a player may switch
Associations. As it currently stands, FIFA's Player's Status Committee is the sole entity that decides (at least originally) when a player may switch Associations. By allowing two separate
Associations to engage in an arms-length negotiation on this issue, however, puts the onus on the Association to determine what is in the best interests of its country's players. For example, while it
is unlikely that an Association would allow its best players to play for another Association - thereby keeping those players at home - an Association may decide that those lesser-known players on
its squad should be allowed to compete elsewhere where they may get more playing time and thus better experience. FIFA could even retain its 'only one transfer' rule, as this also discourages
frequent changes between Associations.
There are no simple answers when it comes to determining which player can compete for which country in international competition. The purpose of this article was merely to thrust these issues
into the spotlight and to suggest two possible changes to the FIFA rules that could address, at least in part, some of the same issues that are the subject of foreign quotas.
Ryan S. Hilbert
Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP, Palo Alto
Schiller Abogados, Bilbao
1. Case C-415/93, Union Royale Belge des Societes de Football Ass'n ASBL v. Bosman, 1995 E.C.R. I-4921.
2. http://www.fifa.com/aboutfifa/federation/statutes.html - last seen July 28, 2010.
3. By stating 'either in full or in part' in parenthesis, this rule is open to misinterpretation in that once a player is selected to play for a particular Association, it could be argued that he has
participated 'in part' regardless of whether he plays or not. One could also understand that participation includes the preparation phase as well.
4. This rule give can be problematic in those cases where the origin of the parents or grandparents is unknown, for example in those cases involving refugees or when a country does not have a
recognised status. But this topic is outside the scope of this article.
5. FIFA Circular #1147 - Eligibility to play for representative teams.
6. Regulations of the UEFA European Football Championship 2010-12, Poland-Ukraine.
7. CAS 98/215.
8. CAS 92/80.
9. CAS 95/132.
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Welcome to the Goal.com 50! In this special series, Goal.com editors worldwide vote for the top 50 players of 2009-10. We
count down to the announcement of the winner on August 10th with profiles of each and every player who made it into the top
As he has done since breaking into the Barcelona first team back in 2002, Andres Iniesta demonstrated last season that above
all else he is a model professional.
Possessing a selfless team ethic that provides a shining example to players of any team sport, when 'the Don' dons the
Blaugrana, all that matters is that Barcelona win. This is exemplified by the fact that he knew going into the 2009 Champions
League final that he was injured and likely to exacerbate his thigh injury, yet not for the first or last time he risked all in sacrificing
himself for the team's good.
When talks of a contract renewal surfaced at the beginning of last season, the humble 25-year-old stated that he would never
ask the Catalan club for a penny as playing for Barcelona was a pleasure and a dream.
The injury sustained in that final win over Manchester United ruled the dynamic midfielder out of the Confederations Cup, which
Spain subsequently crashed out of at the semi-final stage, and the entirety of pre-season training with his club. Coach Pep
Guardiola endeavoured to ensure Iniesta wasn't put at undue risk when returning to fitness. As a result his season started late
and he did not feature for a full 90 minutes until October - just in time to put himself back in the reckoning for Spain's final World
That thigh injury niggled away for a large portion of the season and it was quite evident that the consistently willing midfield
workhorse was not up to his own high standards.
By December, Iniesta and Barca had captured a sixth trophy for the year and after the Christmas break he proved highly
influential as the champions put together a string of seven Primera Liga wins in eight outings in the race for honours against rivals
Throughout the latter half of the season, injuries continued to trouble the Fuentealbilla native yet he still managed to amass 42
appearances in all competitions as Barca defended their league title. All in all he contributed eight assists and one goal for
Barcelona last season, but it was his perseverance and self-sacrificing devotion to the team in the face of personal woes that
makes Iniesta stand out from all the rest.
Moment of the Season
Writing history in the World Cup final
In the same vein, foremost in Iniesta's thinking while on international duty is the success of Spain. Struggling with fitness at the
beginning of the World Cup finals after over-exerting himself to help his club, Iniesta followed doctors' orders and eventually,
when the time came, worked feverishly to return to fitness to help La Furia Roja to their historic triumph.
Again he suffered with injury and had to be replaced in the latter stages of the opening day defeat to Switzerland. After sitting out
the Honduras tie, he returned to face Chile in their crucial final group game, scoring Spain's second in a man of the match display.
A reliable performer from there to the final, it was he who Johnny Heitinga fouled to earn a red card in the World Cup final before
his 116th minute winner against the Netherlands. Iniesta maintained his humility when celebrating that historic strike, revealing a
touching tribute to recently passed friend Dani Jarque after netting the winning goal in the World Cup final, deservedly writing his
name forever into Spanish football lore.
Despite an injury hit season, Iniesta still worked his way to seventh on Goal.com's list and, given his dedication, it's hard to see a
fit Iniesta dropping below that spot next season.
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